The Excellence Cluster ORIGINS has become a founding member of the Twinkle mission. Lift-off for the new space telescope is planned for 2024. The instrument will give astrophysicists at the LMU the first reliable data on the chemical composition of the atmospheres of exoplanets – and may also shed light on the prospects for life on these worlds.
Using intense pulses of laser light, members of the attoworld team at the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics and the Ludwig-Maximilian University have synthesized trihydrogen ions from water molecules adsorbed onto nanoparticles.
What steers galaxies, or whole ensembles of galaxies - so-called galaxy clusters? Aren’t they surrounded by vast empty space? Could the recently discovered long hot interconnecting gas filaments play a role? Although cosmological models and simulations predicted these structures and the role they may play, the observational confirmation of their existence, using the x-ray space telescope eROSITA, is quite recent. Further snapshots of simulations compared to the observations unveil a galaxy group speeding along such a long gas filament, on a collision course with other galaxy clusters.
During the continued progression of the Corona pandemic, rapid, inexpensive, and reliable tests will become increasingly important to determine whether people have the associated antibodies – either through infection or vaccination. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now developed such a rapid antibody test. It provides the result in only eight minutes; the aim is to further reduce the process time to four minutes.
Through a recently developed experimental platform, topological matter can be realized in a fast, cost efficient, and versatile way. It was only about two years ago that researchers of the Cluster of Excellence ct.qmat–Complexity and Topology in Quantum Matter realized "Topolectric Circuits" and did important pioneering work on their conceptualization for synthetic topological matter. Another breakthrough has now been achieved by the team led by Würzburg physicist Prof. Dr. Ronny Thomale as they have observed topological phenomena in a circuit system with gain and loss. The theoretical foundation for non-Hermitian topology might enable optronic technologies in the long run.
For their groundbreaking observations of solar neutrinos, with which the fusion reactions inside the sun could be experimentally proofed for the first time, the team of the Borexino collaboration receives the prestigious Giuseppe and Vanna Cocconi Prize. Every two years, the European Physical Society awards it to an outstanding discovery in astro-particle physics and cosmology of the past 15 years.
Depressive disorders are among the most frequent illnesses worldwide. The causes are complex and to date only partially understood. The trace element lithium appears to play a role. Using neutrons of the research neutron source at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), a research team has now proved that the distribution of lithium in the brains of depressive people is different from the distribution found in healthy humans.
Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have for the first time been able to prove a long-predicted but as yet unconfirmed fundamental effect. In Faraday chiral anisotropy, the propagation characteristics of light waves are changed simultaneously by the natural and magnetic-field induced material properties of the medium through which the light travels. The researchers obtained proof that this is the case by conducting experiments using nickel helices at the nanometre scale. Their findings have now been published in the academic journal ‘Physical Review Letters’.
A Ten-Year Mentoring Journey Begins for the World’s Most Outstanding 119 Students in STEMM and their 119 World-Class Mentors
Physicists at FAU confirm chiral Faraday effect in an experiment for the first time.