Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), the Paul Scherrer Institute in Switzerland and other institutions in Paris, Hamburg and Basel, have succeeded in setting a new record in X-ray microscopy. With improved diffractive lenses and more precise sample positioning, they were able to achieve spatial resolution in the single-digit nanometre scale. This new dimension in direct imaging could provide significant impulses for research into nanostructures and further advance the development of solar cells and new types of magnetic data storage.
The positively charged protons in atomic nuclei should actually repel each other, and yet even heavy nuclei with many protons and neutrons stick together. The so-called strong interaction is responsible for this. Prof. Laura Fabbietti and her research group at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now developed a method to precisely measure the strong interaction utilizing particle collisions in the ALICE experiment at CERN in Geneva.
The German Research Foundation (DFG) has approved three new Collaborative Research Centres/Transregios (CRC/TRR) at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU). The aim of CRC/TRR 305 is to understand the molecular mechanisms behind how metastases form and to develop new treatments for cancer metastases on this basis. In CRC/TRR 306, researchers will be investigating the collective behaviour of quantum systems. In the CRC ‘CLINT’, scientists will pursue a ground-breaking new approach in chemical reaction engineering to create technical catalysts with new properties.
The Borexino experiment research team has succeeded in detecting neutrinos from the sun's second fusion process, the Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen cycle (CNO cycle) for the first time. This means that all of the theoretical predictions on how energy is generated within the sun have now also been experimentally verified. The findings are the result of years of efforts devoted to bringing the background sources in the energy range of the CNO neutrinos under control.
"It would be a huge success if metallic knitted fabrics which are developed and produced in Münchberg would be used in space," says Prof. Dr. Frank Ficker, head of the the Application Center Textile Fiber Ceramics (TFK) at Hof University of Applied Sciences. The Hof University of Applied Sciences and the TFK Münchberg have developed a process, together with the companies HPS GmbH and Iprotex GmbH & Co. KG, which makes it is possible to create large-area metal mesh with wires in a thickness range of a few micrometers on industrial scale.
Researchers at the the University of Regensburg and the MPSD in Hamburg have developed a groundbreaking method to detect the dynamics of light on such a small scale with high temporal resolution.
They look like microscopic bottle brushes: Polymers with a backbone and tufts of side arms. This molecular design gives them unusual abilities: For example, they can bind active agents and release them again when the temperature changes. With the help of neutrons, a research team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now succeeded to unveil the changes in the internal structure in course of the process.