In a study published in the Nature journal "Scientific Reports", a research team from the University of Passau compared the quality of machine-generated content with essays written by secondary school students. The upshot: The AI-based chatbot performed better across all criteria, especially when it came to language mastery.
A simulation study conducted by a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) demonstrates that a soft drink tax in Germany would have significant positive effects. In all of the simulated variants evaluated, less sugar was consumed and the rate of illness dropped. This would be a way to reduce costs to the national economy and alleviate the burden on the health care system. There is, however, a difference between taxes aimed at reducing soft drink consumption and taxes aimed at bringing about changes in product formulation.
New research findings reveal: some children in early medieval Bavaria were breastfed for much longer periods than today. Also, many early Bavarians buried around 500 AD originate from other geographical regions where feeding practices apparently differed. A team of researchers led by the SNSB anthropologists Michaela Harbeck and Maren Velte analyzed human teeth from various archaeological sites in Bavaria. Their research findings were recently published in the scientific journals PLOS ONE and Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences.
Enabling higher education for young people in poverty-stricken areas, social hotspots and crisis regions on site – this has been the aim of the Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt (KU) since 2019 in collaboration with the Jesuit educational organization "Jesuit Worldwide Learning – Higher Education at the Margins" (JWL). One of the partnership’s offers is the "Learning Facilitator Program", which now has around 500 graduates in ten different countries such as Iraq, Afghanistan, Kenya and Sri Lanka. A detailed survey of graduates for a scientific study by JWL now shows the value of such offers not only for the students themselves, but also within their communities.
A study conducted by economists from the Universities of Passau and Potsdam has revealed that, while public childcare allows mothers to return to work soon after childbirth, a quick return is no ticket to career advancement.
What makes people particularly susceptible to disinformation and how can we prevent falling for it? These questions are the focus of the new research project on innovative communication strategies for intervention and prevention in disinformation campaigns (IKIP), coordinated by Prof. Dr. Friederike Herrmann, who is a Professor of Journalism and Communication Studies at the Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt (KU). The project is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research.
Most states in West Africa lack reliable data on the number and origin of migrants living within their borders. Rulers often exploit this lack of clarity in a way that consolidates their own position of power. Biometric ID technologies play a key role in this process, enabling participation in elections even in the absence of citizenship. This is shown by a case study taking Nigeria as an example, which Prof. Dr. Martin Doevenspeck from the University of Bayreuth and Prof. Dr. Victor Chidubem Iwuoha from the University of Nigeria published in the journal "Territory, Politics, Governance".
Prof. Dr. Joseph C. A. Agbakoba, Professor of Philosophy at the University of Nigeria, has been awarded a Georg Forster Research Award by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in appreciation of his academic work to date. Prof. Dr. Rudolf Schüßler, Professor of Philosophy at the University of Bayreuth, had nominated him for this prestigious science award. Recently, Prof. Agbakoba accepted the prize at a ceremony in Berlin. Until 2024 he will be researching the philosophical, ethical and intercultural foundations of development in Africa at the Institute of Philosophy at the University of Bayreuth.
Making the right decisions in your own life is something that can be learned. The project "KLUG entscheiden!" at the University of Bayreuth shows: Young people who receive systematic training in decision-making skills shortly before leaving school consider their abilities and long-term interests far more thoroughly when choosing a course of study or vocational training than if they spontaneously follow their own wishes or simply trust the recommendations of others. In the coming weeks, the regional cooperation with selected schools that has been successfully established in the project will be further intensified and expanded.
"A clear position against disinformation and hate speech! How companies take responsibility while also protecting their business" is the motto of a new whitepaper published by the Corporate Digital Responsibility Initiative of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection. Co-author is Prof. Dr. Dr. Alexander Brink, Chair of Business and Corporate Ethics at the University of Bayreuth. The white paper was published by the CDR Initiative, founded in 2018, and encourages companies of all sizes and industries to actively engage against disinformation and hate speech, suggesting concrete options for action.