Drawing on an analysis of exceptionally rich historical data, economists from the University of Passau have shown that the birth control and family planning clinics of US-American women rights advocate Margaret Sanger succeeded not only in reducing birth rates but also had a massive impact on health at the beginning of the 20th century. In so doing, they have provided new insights into the causes and the dynamics of the demographic transition in the US.
In March 2020, the statewide mayoral elections in Bavaria took place under unusual conditions: Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, participation in the second round of voting was only possible by absentee ballot. A research team led by Bayreuth political economist Prof. Dr. David Stadelmann conducted a statistical analysis of these elections. The study, published in the journal "Economics & Politics", came to the following conclusion: The postal vote, which was made convenient and free of charge for all eligible voters, increased voter turnout statewide by more than ten percentage points. This increase benefited incumbents seeking re-election.
Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier has awarded Dr. Hanza Diman from Benin, alumnus of the University of Bayreuth, the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany on the occasion of German Unification Day 2022. During a ceremony themed "Building Bridges", the graduate of the Bayreuth International Graduate School of African Studies (BIGSAS) accepted the award today, 30 September 2022, at Bellevue Palace in Berlin. Together with him, 20 other persons were honoured with the Federal Cross of Merit for their public commitment.
The experimental "9 Euro Ticket" general transit pass has run its course and the calls for a successor pass are growing. A study conducted by the Technical University of Munich (TUM) accompanied more than 2000 people during the 9 Euro Ticket trial period, interviewing them on a regular basis. In addition to questions on mobility behavior, information on the price which the participants were willing to pay for a follow-up pass also played an important role.
After studying financial management at Coburg University of Applied Sciences, Melkamu Taye is now writing his doctoral thesis on how to develop efficient agricultural markets in poor countries.
From July 6 to 9, the international annual conference of the Cluster of Excellence "Africa Multiple" will take place for the third time. Registration for participation in person or online is still possible until July 5.
Dr. Edward Asiedu experienced poverty in his childhood in Ghana. Now he is researching ways to ensure that poor children do not become poor parents. With the support of a fellowship, he is now developing a blueprint for actions at the University of Passau as first visiting professor of the Passau International Centre of Advanced and Interdisciplinary Studies (PICAIS). On Wednesday, 13 July, he will be sharing highlights from his research at a symposium about digitalisation in Africa.
Conventional vaccination campaign messages often miss their targets. A study in eight European countries shows that information on the benefits of vaccines can even reduce the willingness to get immunized. The researchers also looked into the factors that influenced the impact of messages, including low health literacy. A further study provides indications of the relationship between trust in vaccines and their approval procedures.
The war in Ukraine is having an enormous impact on energy policy in Germany as well as the energy sector. In this interview, the economist Prof. Svetlana Ikonnikova and political scientist Prof. Miranda Schreurs discuss where Germany can find inspiration in the crisis, the relationship between liquefied natural gas and hydrogen and the role of the planned new pipeline between Russia and China.
The University of Bayreuth is establishing a new focus in interdisciplinary peace and conflict research. As a member of a network dealing with interpretive struggles and their influence on conflicts, it is involved in the founding of a regional centre for peace and conflict research in Bavaria. It is also a partner in a new network of competence that examines power structures in conflicts and peace efforts that were shaped by colonialism and continue to have an impact today. The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) will fund both projects for four years from 1 April 2022, and the University of Bayreuth will receive a total of around € 2 million.