Applied computer scientists at the University of Bamberg are currently developing an AI medical companion that will help doctors in recognising and diagnosing types of cancer and pain.
The newly funded EU Horizon 2020 project Safeguard will address the decline of wild pollinators, its effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services, and options to restore pollinator diversity.
Modern legal systems should protect human health and the environment, but at the same time also enable innovations to resolve important issues of the future. How successfully food law in the European Union fulfils these functions, and whether there is a need for reform, is being investigated in a new research project led by Prof. Dr. Kai Purnhagen, Chair of Food Law at the University of Bayreuth in Kulmbach. The project will be funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and Oberfrankenstiftung (Upper Franconia Foundation) to the amount of around € 800,000 over the next four years.
In Kulmbach, researchers are working on the food of the future. Prof. Dr. Susanne Baldermann is studying the metabolism of plants and drawing conclusions for a future agriculture that will no longer be restricted to rural areas: "Vertical Farming" in urban areas as a reaction to climate change and soil scarcity is one of the research fields of the Professor of Food Metabolome at the University of Bayreuth's new Faculty of Life Sciences: Food, Nutrition and Health located in Kulmbach.
As a contribution to increasing crop variety for improved food security in Subsaharan Africa, a leafy vegetable which is rich in vitamins and minerals shall be domesticated. At present, however, as highlighted by a research team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) together with researchers from Nigeria, the plants still contain highly toxic substances that are carcinogenic and liver-damaging. The researchers are now aiming to generate toxin-free varieties so that the plant can be safely used.
Educating young refugees about the path of infection of the coronavirus via a smartphone app and providing them with a basis for an informed decision about the covid vaccination - these are the goals of a project coordinated by the Chair of Clinical and Biological Psychology (Prof. Dr. Rita Rosner) at the KU in which the University of Würzburg and the HSD Regensburg are also involved.
Representatives of numerous pathogenic fungal species are finding new habitat on microplastic particles in the soil and could thus be one of the possible causes of an increase in fungal infections. Researchers from Bayreuth, Hannover and Munich demonstrated this in a new study. Using high-throughput methods, the scientists analysed fungal communities from soil samples taken from sites near human settlements in western Kenya. The findings of this research have been published in the journal Scientific Reports.
Hof, 09.07.2021 - Together with a total of eight other partners, Hof University of Applied Sciences wants to launch one of Germany's seven future centers for artificial intelligence. The research group "Innovative Healthcare" at the Institute for Information Systems (iisys), which was newly founded for this purpose, will begin its work with the project Regional Future Center AI "pulsnetz.de –healthy work" (pulsnetz AI), which aims to develop AI-based technologies for the care and social economy and establish them there. A service truck is to make the innovations tangible on site in care facilities, kindergartens as well as residential facilities for people with disabilities.
High-tech methods for detecting microplastics in food and suitable prevention measures are the focus of the joint German-Austrian Cornet project "MicroplasticATfood", which kicked off on 1 July 2021. With its expertise in microplastic research, the University of Bayreuth is involved in interdisciplinary case studies dealing with packaging, filling lines, beverages, surfaces of solid food, and soluble foods. On the German side, the project will be funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy until 2023 to the tune of € 542,000, of which about € 275,000 have been allocated to the University of Bayreuth.
A team of scientists from the Leibniz Institute for Food Systems Biology at the Technical University of Munich has now discovered that the odorant receptor OR5K1 is specialized to recognize pyrazines in both humans and domesticated animals. These are volatile substances that contribute to the typical odor of many vegetables or are formed when food is heated. In addition, pyrazines also play a role as signaling substances in intra- or interspecific communication. The new research results contribute to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the odor perception of food as well as olfactory communication.